Zaanse Schans

Zaanse Schans is a neighbourhood of Zaandam, near Zaandijk, Netherlands. It is best known for its collection of well-preserved historic windmills and houses. From 1961 to 1974 old buildings from all over the Zaanstreek were relocated using lowboy trailers to the area. The Zaans Museum, established in 1994 near the first Zaanse Schans windmill, is located south of the neighbourhood.

Zaanse Schans derived its name from the river Zaan and its original function as sconce (schans in Dutch) against the Spanish troops during the Eighty Years War of Dutch independence.

Zaanse Schans is one of the popular tourist attractions of the Netherlands and an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage (ERIH). The neighbourhood attracted approximately 1.6 million visitors in 2014. It is served by Zaandijk Zaanse Schans railway station, 18 minutes away from Amsterdam Centraal station.

The Zaanse Schans houses seven museums — the Weavers House, the Cooperage, the Jisper House, Zaan Time Museum, Albert Heijn Museum Shop and the Bakery Museum. The whole neighbourhood is a popular tourist attraction and there is a debate in local politics on how to reduce overcrowding.

List of windmills:

  • De Huisman (The Houseman), a mustardmill
  • De Gekroonde Poelenburg (The Crowned Poelenburg), a sawmill
  • De Kat (The Cat), a dyemill
  • Het Jonge Schaap (The Young Sheep), a sawmill
  • De Os (The Ox), an oilmill
  • De Zoeker (The Seeker), an oilmill
  • Het Klaverblad (The Cloverleaf), a sawmill
  • De Bonte Hen (The Spotted Hen), an oilmill